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22 I SPECIAL FEATURE Passion Islam I September 2008
Taraweeh: 20 Rakah
without Payment
Allah Taa’la has blessed the Muslims with It is written in Muatta Malik on the It is narrated by Ibn Mas’ood Radhiallaho
a very sacred and blessed month in which authority of Abdur Rahman ibn Abdulnil Anhu that the Prophet said:
all rewards are multiplied, the reward for a Qari that he said: I came out with Umar ibn “Whatever the Muslims find good, this
nafl (optional) act becomes equivalent to a Khatab in Ramadhan towards the Masjid, is good with Allah.” (Musnad Ahmed, pg
compulsory act (fardh) and the reward for people were scattered everywhere. A 379, Vol 1)
a compulsory act is multiplied 70 times. man was praying alone and another man It is narrated by the great Imam Abu
In this month the gates of heaven are was praying alone and a group of people Yusuf Rahmatullahi Alayhi that he asked
opened, the punishment of hell is ceased praying in another corner. Then Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullahi Alayhi
and heaven is at its best. Besides all these Umar said, “I swear by Allah, that I intend about Tarahweeh and what Umar did. He
blessings, the month of Ramadhan has to gather these people under one Imam replied that Tarahweeh is an emphasised
been blessed with the act of Tarahweeh and that is better, thus I gathered them Sunnah and Hazrat Umar did not say
Salaah. to pray behind Ubay ibn Kaab. (Muatta himself nor did he initiate it, nor did he
Malik, pg 40) order for it, but for a foundation he had
Roots of Tarahweeh from the time of the Prophet . Umar u
It is narrated by Muslim on the authority How many Rak’ats? carried out this way and gathered the
of Abu Huraira that the Prophet said, The precepts of the Holy Prophet has people to pray behind Ubay ibn Kaab
“Whoever stands in Ramadhan with Imaan been misunderstood by many regarding thus they prayed Tarahweeh and amongst
and hope of reward, all his past sins will how many rak’ats should be prayed. the Jamaat (congregation) were Uthmaan
be forgiven.” (Muslim, pg 259) It is mentioned in Musanif ibn Abi Shayba, , Ali , Ibn Mas’ood , Abbas and his son,
The Prophet has stated here that Tabraani and Baihaqi on the authority of Talha , Zubair , Muaz and many more
‘whoever stands in Ramadhan’, this refers Ibn Abbas that the Prophet used to pray companions amongst the Muhajireen and
to standing Tarahweeh. The commentators 20 Rak’ats in Ramadhan besides witr. (Vol Ansar. None from amongst them objected,
have said this is because the Prophet of 2, pg 153) but they helped him and agreed to it and
Allah has specified ‘standing’ with the Further evidence that the Prophet’s 20 also ordered it. (Al-Iktiyaar, pg 75)
month of Ramadhan. So it is apparent rak’ats is proven by a narration narrated It is narrated by Ibn Abbas that the
that it is NOT referring to Tahajjud but by Imam Malik (Allah’s blessings upon Prophet used to pray 20 Rak’ats without
Tarahweeh. him). In the time of Hazrat Umar the congregation and three witr in Ramadhan.
Hazrat Aisha Radhiallaho Anha people used to pray 23 rak’ats (pg 130) (Baihaqi, Vol 2, Pg 698)
narrates in a Hadith that the Prophet and this was by the order of Hazrat Umar In this Hadith again, there is further proof
said, “Your act was not hidden from me , the second Khalifah of the Prophet , that the Prophet prayed 20 Rak’ats.
but I feared that Tarahweeh will become regarding whom the Prophet said if there The Hadith narrated by Hazrat Aisha
compulsory on you and you will not be were to be a Prophet after me, it would be which states that the Prophet did not
able to complete it, then the Prophet Umar . The Prophet also said that he was pray more than 11 Rak’ats in Ramadhan
passed away.” the Mulham of this Ummah (command and outside is brought under the chapter
(Bukhari pg 269, Chapter: The benefit revealed upon). There is no space for ‘standing in Ramadhan’ by Imam Bukhari
of standing in Ramadhan, Muslim, pg 259, objection here saying this is not a Sunnah Rahmatullahi Alayhi. This Hadith does
Abu Dawood, pg 202, Chapter: Inspiring of the Prophet Muhammed because the not contradict the reading of 20 Rak’ats
to stand in the month of Ramadhan; Prophet has himself said, Tarahweeh but in reference to Tahajjud.
Tarahweeh. “Hold on firmly to my Sunnah and the This Hadith has been bought by Imam
The Prophet did not go to pray Sunnah of the Khulafah Rashideen.” - (Ibn Muslim Rahmatullahi Alayhi and Imam
Tarahweeh with the people because of Majah, Abu Dawood) Bukhari Rahmatullahi Alayhi under the
the fear that Tarahweeh will become Verily Umar gathered the people to pray chapter of witr and Tahajjud. In a Hadith
compulsory and he only prayed for three behind Ubay ibn Kaab and Tameem Dari it is mentioned that the Prophet used to
nights in Ramadhan. in Ramadhan. (Vol 5, 73, 75, 76) pray four Rak’ats together and what is
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