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20 I SPECIAL FEATURE Passion Islam I September 2008
Allaamah Nawawi (R.A) relates that
all scholars in Islam have agreed that
Sahih-ul-Bukhari has earnestly gained the
reward of being the most authentic after
the Holy Qur’an.
Sahih-ul-Bukhari consists of 7 275
ahaadeeth including those ahaadeeth
which have been repeated. However,
should the repeated ahaadeeth be
excluded then the total number of
ahaadeeth will be 4,000.
Hafiz Ibn Hajar counted the ahaadeeth
and concluded that there was 7 397
where the ahaadeeth have been passed
down from the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi
Wasallam directly and with the narrations
of Sahabah or Tabi’een etc.; procuring a
total of 9 407 ahaadeeth in all. Although
after excluding the repetitions he found 2
353 narrations of the Prophet Sallallahu
Alaihi Wasallam and 160 sayings of the
respected Sahabah totaling to 2 513
narrations in all.
A Distinctive Honour
Bukhari Shareef has been set apart from
other compilations, gaining a distinctive
honour due to the following reasons :
1. Whilst Imam Bukhari (R.A) was
engaged in the writing of Bukhari Shareef,
if the need arose to stop work for a period
of time, then he would continue his work
only after writing ‘Bismillah’ which is the
reason why ‘ Bismillah’ has been found to
be written in between in many places.
2. At the end of all chapters Imam Bukhari
(R.A) has concluded by use of a word
within the sentence so as to give one a
point to ponder upon and hopefully so that
one becomes more aware of the primary
objective of life. e.g. after the first chapter
after being completely satisfied with the one sentence which may include a word
he has included a word which brings one
hadith in question did he give it a place that is in reality difficult to understand.
to think of their short life in this world and of
in his kitaab. Due to this great care which Imam Bukhari (R.A) has included within
their death. His intention is that one reads
was taken, the people were heard to say his kitaab the art of narrating ahaadeeth
Kitaabe-Bukhari with death in mind.
that the ahaadeeth which Imam Bukhari which have been divided into eight
3. Imam Bukhari (R.A) has paid great
(R.A) has narrated have been so carefully different chapters. These chapters contain
attention towards the beginning and
phrased and with such precision that it subjects which have been sub-titled and
ending his kitaab with an appropriate
is felt Imam Bukhari (R.A) had heard the are famous for the ingenious way in which
hadith. For the first hadith narrated within
ahaadeeth directly through the Prophet they have been phrased.
the kitaab is based upon intention which
Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Conditions
gives one the opportunity to be sincere
Abu Zaid Marwazi reports that I was once Imam Bukhari (R.A) has imposed
with himself as to what he intends to gain
asleep in between the ‘Black stone’ and conditions which all narrators and
from studying the words of the Prophet
‘Maqaam-e-Ibrahim’ when the Prophet testifiers must meet before the hadith can
Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam which have
Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam appeared in be selected. One condition requires that
been narrated throughout the kitaab.
my dream he stated, “O Abu Zaid! For all testifiers must have a strong memory.
Also the last chapter which Imam Bukhari
how long shall you teach Imam Shafi’s There are also restrictions made upon this
(R.A) has chosen to end his kitaab with
(R.A) kitaab ? When shall you start the condition :
is ‘Kitaab-ul-Tauheed’ which gives one a
teaching of my kitaab ?” 1. All the Muhadditheen who possess
whole host of words which may be said in
I questioned, “O Prophet Sallallahu great knowledge of ahaadeeth must
order to praise the oneness of Allah; for
Alaihi Wasallam! Which kitaab is yours?” agree upon the testifiers’ in question
it is this which is believed to be the sole
He replied, “Mohammed Ibn Ismail’s Al- ability to learn and memorize, along with
aid for all humans when they shall find
Jame-ul-Sahih.” his reporting techniques.
themselves in the unbearable position of
Hafiz Ibn Hajar (R.A) reports that Imam 2. The testimonial must be complete
being reckoned for their sins on the Day
Bukhari (R.A) has kept it of utmost without any missing testifiers.
of Judgment.
importance to only narrate ahaadeeth of 3. If there are two different narrators of a
Hadhrat Shaikh Moulana Muhammad
a strong testimonial which can be proven hadith related to them by a Sahaabi then
Zakariyya (R.A) has summed up the above
by the name of the kitaab. However, along the hadith shall be given a high stage in
in these words,” Imam Bukhari (R.A) has
with this Imam Bukhari (R.A) also made an rank. However, if only one narrator can
commenced his kitaab with the hadeeth ‘
effort to explain all points which are difficult be found and the testimonial proves to be
Innamal Aamaal....’ and concluded it with
to understand, which is the reason why he a strong one then this shall be accepted
has given a plentiful host of meanings for without any doubts.
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