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Passion Islam I December 2008 SPECIAL FEATURE I 25
• The days of Qurbāni are the tenth, or has lost one-third or more of its or poor, Muslims or non-Muslims. It
eleventh and twelfth of Zul Hijjah. The eyesight. is better to divide it into three parts.
first day is better than the second, and - Animals that have lost a third of One for the family, one for relatives
the second better than the last. the ear or the tail. Similarly, the animal and friends and one for the poor and
which has no ear from its very birth. needy.
Time for Qurbāni - Animal whose horn has been • The skin of the Qurbāni animal
• In towns and cities where Jumu‘ah broken off from the root. can be kept for personal use, e.g.
and ‘Eed are performed, Qurbāni - Animal which has one leg lame to using it as a prayer-mat, water bag
is not permissible before the ‘Eed the extent that it walks on three legs etc.
Salaat. If the Qurbāni has been only and is unable to use the fourth • If the skin of the Qurbāni animal
offered before the ‘Eed Salaat, it will leg. is sold, then it is waajib to give that
have to be repeated. Therefore, the - Animal so lean and thin that its amount in sadaqah to the poor (i.e.
time for Qurbāni commences after bones have no marrow. those who are eligible for Zakaah).
‘Eed Salaat on 10th Zul Hijjah until - Animal so weak that it cannot • It is not permissible to give meat,
before sunset of 12th Zul Hijjah. walk to the place of slaughtering on fat, etc. of the sacrificed animal to the
• It is permissible, but not preferable its own. butcher as his wages.
to perform Qurbāni at night. - Animal completely toothless or • The meat of the animal
one that has lost most of its teeth. slaughtered by partners should
The Qurbāni animal • It is virtuous to purchase the be shared by weight and not by
• It is permissible to offer in sacrifice animal for Qurbāni a few days prior to estimation.
a goat or she-goat, sheep of all kinds, slaughtering and care must be taken • The rope, cover, etc. of the animal
cow, bull, buffalo or camel. in feeding and nursing it. should be given away as sadaqah.
• It is necessary that the goat is
one (full) year old, whether male or Masnoon method of sacrifice Qurbāni on behalf of the deceased
female. A cow, bull or buffalo will have • It is more virtuous to slaughter the If one has been favoured by Allah with
to be two years old, and a camel five animal with one’s own hands. If one wealth, then he should also perform
years. Animals that are younger are does not know how to slaughter, it Qurbāni on behalf of Rasoolullah
not suitable for Qurbāni. is preferred that he remain present sallallahu alayhi wasallam, his
• A sheep (of any kind) not less while someone else is sacrificing the Sahaabah, his Ummah, the Prophets
than six months old, so strong and fat animal. It is not necessary to make and for his own living or deceased
that it appears to be one year old will the niyyah (intention) of Qurbāni with relatives, friends and teachers who
suffice for Qurbāni, otherwise it will the tongue, however it is necessary have conveyed Deeni knowledge.
have to be one (full) year old. to say Bismillahi Allahu Akbar when One should always remember
• A cow, bull, buffalo or camel will slaughtering. and never overlook our beloved
suffice for seven persons provided • Use a sharp knife and slaughter Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
no one’s share is less than one the animal quickly so that it does not and perform Qurbāni on his behalf.
seventh and the niyyah (intention) of suffer. Aboo Talhah radiyallahu anhu has
all partners is to attain thawaab (for • Do not sharpen the knife in front related that the Prophet sallallahu
Qurbāni), and not merely to obtain of the animal alayhi wasallam sacrificed one ram
meat. • After slaughtering, do not skin the and while sacrificing the other he
• The Qurbāni of only one person animal before it becomes completely said, “This is on behalf of every one
can be performed from a goat, sheep cold. of my Ummah who believed in me
or ram. • Do not slaughter one animal in and testified (to my prophethood).”
• If an animal seller says that the the presence of another. (Tabraani)
animal has reached the required • It is mustahab (desirable) for It is a matter for deep thought
age, and outwardly there is no sign one who intends to perform Qurbāni and consideration that the Prophet
to disprove it, then it is permissible to to refrain from cutting hair or clipping sallallahu alayhi wasallam kept his
rely on his statement. nails from 1st Zul Hijjah to 10th Zul Ummah in his mind while offering the
• Animals that are castrated can Hijjah, (i.e. until after Qurbāni). sacrifice and it is deplorable for the
be used for Qurbāni. In fact this type Ummah not to remember him at the
of animal is preferable. The Qurbāni meat and skin time of Qurbāni.
• The following cannot be used for • It is permissible to eat the Qurbāni
Qurbāni: meat. It can also be distributed to By Shaykh Muhammad Saleem
- Animals that are blind, one-eyed relatives and friends whether wealthy Dhorat hafizahullah - IDA
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